List of basic medical equipment that hospitals should have 

List of basic medical equipment that hospitals should have 

Hospitals need to be prepared for anything that might come through the doors. That’s why keeping a list of basic medical equipment on-hand is crucial to providing complete care. 

Every hospital should have a list of basic equipment to provide complete treatment for their patients. This list of medical equipment can often be refurbished and new, allowing hospitals to afford to carry reserves for this basic equipment. 

basic medical equipment

Here is list of basic medical equipment in the hospital, 

EKG/ECG machines 

The electrocardiograph (EKG/ECG) is a machine that monitors and records the heart’s electrical activity. It can diagnose cardiac arrhythmias, myocardial infarction, and other heart conditions. The machine is also used to monitor the heart during surgery. This equipment allows healthcare providers to make quick decisions about what should provide care to patients with existing or potential heart problems. 

Hospital Stretchers 

A stretcher is a simple piece of equipment used to transport patients to different locations within the hospital. Stretchers are also used to help patients get into and out of bed or transport them to the operating room. Stretchers are made up of a long metal frame with two wheels on either end and a vinyl mattress placed on top of the metal frame. Stretchers are usually collapsable, making moving around freely in tight spaces easier. 

Biochemistry Analyzer 

A biochemical analyzer is an apparatus used to measure chemicals in the blood. It helps diagnose several health conditions, including diabetes and kidney disease. A finger prick test is done to measure glucose in the blood, which requires a small amount of blood. A more complex analysis might be required for other substances, such as cholesterol and creatinine (a substance that measures kidney function). 

X-ray Machine 

An X-ray machine is used to produce images of the body. It is used to create images for diagnosing a variety of diseases. X-rays are a form of ionizing radiation, which means they pass through most objects, including the human body. An image can be created where specific molecules in the body absorb some x-rays and not others, creating an image on a film that can be interpreted by a trained professional. This is known as radiography. 


Ultrasound is a type of imaging used to create images of internal organs and tissues. It is a simple, noninvasive imaging technique that does not expose the patient to any ionizing radiation. Ultrasound can detect pregnancy and vital signs like heart rate, among many other uses. 


Wheelchairs are used to transport patients. They’re lightweight and easy to manoeuvre, making them ideal for quickly moving patients whose injuries allow them to sit up. Hospitals need wheelchairs if an emergency arises, especially when they have a large volume of patients coming in with unknown conditions that may require urgent attention. 

Hospital beds 

Hospital beds are used by long-term patients who cannot get out of bed on their own or need specialized care while lying down. Like wheelchairs, these beds can be moved between departments as needed, for example, when they must take from the emergency room into surgery or vice versa. 

Patient Monitors 

Patient monitors are an essential part of basic medical equipment. They monitor patients’ vital signs in critical care units (ICU, CCU) and general wards. The information on the patient monitor is essential for monitoring a patient’s health status. 

The patient monitor usually displays: 

  • Heart Rate (HR) 
  • Respiration (RR) 
  • Pulse Oxygen Saturation (SpO2) 
  • ECG rhythm on screen, which can be lead II or V1 or V4 

There may be a display for temperature, blood pressure, invasive blood pressure, and carbon dioxide in some cases. 


Hospital sterilizers kill all microbial life forms, including fungi, bacteria, viruses, spores, and other entities present on surgical tools and other medical items. An autoclave sterilizes equipment and supplies using high-pressure saturated steam for a short period. 

Electrosurgical Units 

Electrosurgical Units are used to cut and cauterize tissue during surgeries. They use high-frequency electrical currents, which can be used in open or closed surgical procedures. They are typically used during open surgical procedures to cut through tissue, stop bleeding, and remove tumours. It works by passing a high-frequency electric current between the active electrode and the return electrode in contact with the patient or with an electrically grounded surface. When this circuit is completed, a spark occurs and produces heat at the tip of the active electrode. 

Patient monitor 

Patient monitors are medical equipment that keeps accurate track of a patient’s vitals and state of health during intensive or critical care. They are used for adult, pediatric & neonatal patients. Patient monitors are a must in any hospital equipment list. 

In medicine, monitoring is the observation of a disease, condition or one or several medical parameters at a time. Monitoring can be performed by continuously measuring specific parameters by using a patient monitor, e.g., measuring vital signs such as temperature, NIBP, SPO2, ECG, respiratory, and ETCo2. 

Brands available are Skanray Star 90, Star 65, Planet 60, Planet 45, GE Carescape V100, B40, B20, BPL, Nihon Kohden, Sunshine, Contec CMS 8000, CMS 7000, CMS 6800, Omya, Mindray VS-900, VS-600, PM-60, Technocare, Niscomed, Schiller, Welch Allyn and others. 


The automated external defibrillator (AED) is a portable device that checks the heart rhythm. If necessary, it can send an electric shock to the heart to try to restore a normal rhythm. AEDs are used to treat sudden cardiac arrest. A heart’s electrical system problem causes sudden cardiac arrest. Sudden cardiac arrest often happens without warning. It usually causes death if not treated right away. Defibrillators may be used in adults and children who have cardiac arrest or other serious abnormal heart rhythms that cause low blood pressure, loss of consciousness, and death. The most common form of sudden cardiac arrest is ventricular fibrillation (VF). During VF, the heart beats very fast but does not pump blood well enough to supply oxygen to the body’s tissues. 

Anaesthesia machine 

Anaesthesia machines are used by anesthesiologists and nurse anaesthetists to help patients in the hospital be unconscious during surgery. It can also help keep those patients asleep and pain-free during the procedure. The anaesthesia machine helps regulate blood pressure, heart rate, and breathing. It controls blood oxygen levels, monitors vital signs, and controls body temperature. 


Your hospital should have gowns on hand to ensure that everyone is safe and healthy. These gowns are important because they protect the doctor and patient from bacteria, viruses, or germs. Gowns are assigned a rating based on the level of protection they offer—a higher number means more protection for both the doctor and patient. When wearing a gown in an exam room, it’s essential to remove it and replace it when it becomes wet or contaminated. Additionally, you should take off your gown before leaving the room so that you don’t accidentally bring any germs with you into another space. 


Masks have many uses. They are used to prevent infection from doctors and nurses to patients. They are also used to protect medical professionals from being infected by their patients. If a patient has an infectious disease like Ebola, then masks are essential for preventing transmission of the virus. Additionally, they serve as a way to keep sick patients separate from other patients who do not yet have the disease or have different conditions that might be exacerbated by prolonged proximity or contact with the infected patient. 


A nebulizer machine is used for those with chronic lung conditions like asthma, COPD, or cystic fibrosis by turning liquid medication into steam so you can breathe it in through a mask or mouthpiece as quickly as possible. 


The ventilator is a medical device that can use in cases where breathing becomes difficult or impossible. Ventilators have been around since the mid-2000s, and they’re widely used in ICUs. A ventilator is usually a machine that uses a tube to deliver air into the lungs, but it can also be an oxygen mask that allows you to breathe on your own. 

Intravenous (IV) catheters 

Intravenous or IV catheters administer various fluids and medications, including blood products. The most commonly used catheters are 16-gauge to 18-gauge in size. Catheter selection depends on the fluid being administered, the patient’s vein condition, and the duration of use. 

Complications of IV catheter insertion include: 

  • Phlebitis (inflammation of veins). 
  • Infiltration (fluid administration into the tissues surrounding the vein). 
  • Extravasation (administering fluid into tissues surrounding vessels). 
  • Thrombosis (blood clots). 

To avoid these complications, be sure to insert the needle at a right angle to the skin. Also, flush your IV lines with saline solution before administering a medication or solution, as this helps prevent blood clots from forming in lines that are not used often. Finally, make sure you select appropriate venipuncture sites based on the age and gender of the patients. 

Nerve simulators 

They are small devices that are used to test or stimulate nerves. If a patient has a surgical site and the doctor suspects nerve damage, the nerve stimulator helps find where the damaged nerve is. It also helps determine if the damaged nerve can be repaired and function normally again. A nerve stimulator can also be used to ensure that a surgeon isn’t damaging nerve tissue when cutting through tissue. There are many different brands of nerve stimulators with varying features. Stimulators range from basic models with bare minimum features for low-budget hospitals to highly advanced systems that can cost tens of thousands of dollars. 

Pulse oximeters 

Pulse oximeters are devices used to measure the percentage of haemoglobin carrying oxygen in the blood. These readings indicate how well your heart, lungs, and circulatory system are functioning. 

The pulse oximeter clips onto your finger, toe, or earlobe (depending on which version of the equipment you have) and works by shining two different wavelengths of light through your body and measuring how much light is absorbed in each wavelength. The difference between these two values gives us a value for how much oxyhemoglobin is present in our blood. There are certain situations where pulse oximeters may give inaccurate readings, such as if you have poor circulation or if you have jaundice. Still, these problems only occur in specific situations, and they can be easily accounted for by consulting with your doctor or reading more about them online. 

Fetal monitors 

Fetal monitors are devices that allow you to listen to the baby’s heartbeat and hear the mother’s contractions. They are an excellent way for medical professionals and parents alike to check if the baby is doing well or if there are any problems with the pregnancy. The monitor will let you know if the baby is not getting enough oxygen. 

Surgical instruments 

Surgical instruments are specifically designed for performing specific actions during a surgery or operation, such as cutting, dissecting, grasping, holding, retracting, and suturing. They are generally made of stainless steel and come in various shapes and sizes. 

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